Agricultural solid waste needs to be managed efficiently. This is why you need a well-designed waste management plan. By managing agricultural waste properly, you can reduce the waste going to the landfill. Let’s learn more about it.
What is Agricultural Waste?
In simple words, agricultural waste is defined as the waste produced as a result of agricultural activities. It comprises animal waste like manure, food processing waste, crop waste like culls from fruits and vegetables, and toxic agricultural waste.
4 Steps of Waste Management
The first step is to collect farm waste. This refers to the initial capture and gathering of the waste from the point of origin to a collection point.
Identify the method of collection and where the collection points are located. Next, implement the scheduling of the collection after identifying the labor and equipment requirements. Install the necessary equipment like baler, which is used to compress waste into small and manageable bales.
Once you collect agricultural waste, you must ‘treat’ it. This means that you need to modify the physical characteristics of the waste, such as moisture content, to facilitate more efficient waste handling. If the waste consists of solid particles, you may have to consider pre-treatment to separate the solids.
Start by analyzing the characteristics of the waste before you send it for treatment and follow that by determining the desired characteristics of the waste after the treatment. Then, select the type of treatment for the waste, estimate size, location, and installation of the treatment facility. You also need to consider the cost of the treatment process.
You can consider waste compaction before you go ahead with the treatment. Waste compaction is the process of reducing the size of the waste by ‘compacting’ it. A garbage compactor is used to compress waste so that more waste can be stored in the same space.
● Storage and Packaging
Storage is the process of containing the waste. Having a storage facility allows you to control the scheduling and timing of the system functions. For instance, with proper storage, you have the flexibility to schedule the land application of the waste when the spreading operations do not interfere with other tasks.
Determine the storage period of the waste by the utilization schedule. Identify the storage volume, size, location, and the installation cost of the storage facility.
Next comes packaging. If you have treated the farm waste into fertilizer pellets, you need to store and package them. One way to package them is by sending the pellets into the packaging machine using a belt conveyor. This machine can handle feeding, filling, sealing, and packaging of the waste.
This step includes the reusing or recycling of waste products. For instance, agricultural wastes may be used as mulch, source of energy, plant nutrients, or organic matter. If you treat the waste properly, it can be marketable.
One of the most common practices is to recycle the nutrients in the waste through land application. You need to do a complete analysis of utilization through land application. This includes selecting the fields where you want the land application and scheduling the applications.
Next comes designing the distribution system and selecting the necessary equipment to conduct land application. You must determine the application rates and volume and value of the recycled products. Consider the installation and management of all the costs associated with the utilization process.
No matter how much agricultural waste you produce, you need to manage it properly. Recycle and reuse as much as you can and discard the remaining in the right manner.
Author Bio: Erich Lawson is passionate about saving the environment through effective recycling techniques and modern
innovations. He works with Compactor Management Company and writes on a variety of topics related to recycling,
including tips and advice on how balers, compactors and shredders can be used to reduce industrial waste. He loves helping businesses understand how to lower their monthly garbage bills and increase revenue from recycling.