California Farm Production Expenses Drop in 2018

California’s total farm production expenditures totaled $36.8 billion in 2018, down 2.7 percent from the 2017 revised estimate of $37.8 billion. At 10.4 percent, California had the largest percentage of the 2018 U.S. total expenditures. Expense items showing the largest increase from the previous year were: Feed, up $1.10 billion; Farm Services, up $800 million; and Livestock, Poultry and Related Expenses, up $310 million. The three largest decreases occurred in: Labor, down $1.53 billion; Seeds and Plants down $650 million; and Farm Supplies and Repair, down $370 million. Expenditures per California farm averaged $529,827 in 2018, compared with $536,099 in 2017. On average, California producers spent the most on Labor at $146,542 per farm, Farm Services at $105,620 and Feed at $64,841.

U.S. Production Expenditures

U.S. total farm production expenditures were $354 billion for 2018, down from $357.8 billion in 2017. The 2018 total farm production expenditures are down 1.1 percent compared with 2017 total farm production expenditures. Of the 17 expense items surveyed, 7 showed increases from the previous year while the rest showed a decrease. The four largest expenditures at the U.S. level total $178.1 billion and account for 50.3 percent of total expenditures in 2018. These include Feed, 15.2 percent, Farm Services, 12.5 percent, Livestock, Poultry and Related Expenses, 13.1 percent, and Labor, 9.6 percent.

Where to find more data

This report contains some of the results of the 2018 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS). More results, including data for the Western region, can be found at: and The Pacific Regional Office would like to thank all of the participants in the Agricultural Resource Management Survey. Their help made this publication possible.

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