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USDA California Crop/Weather Report

USDA Crop/Weather Report

Sacramento, Calif., (December 5, 2017) – A frontal system brought light rains to areas of Northern California early last week. Drier conditions developed mid-week as high pressure built after the passing of the frontal system over most of California. Over the weekend a cold front boundary brought northerly winds as well as light rain and mountain snow and colder conditions from the northwest to central areas of California. The coldest temperatures were recorded along the Northeastern part of the State. The warmest temperatures were recorded along the southeastern interior of the State, where temperatures were reported to be more above normal in comparison to the rest of state.

Temperature highs were in the 50s to 60s in the mountains, 60s to 80s in the valley and along the coast, and 70s to 80s in the desert. Temperature lows were in the 20s to 30s in the mountains, 20s to 40s in the desert, 30s to 40s in the valley, and 30s to 50s along the coast.

Cotton harvest neared completion. The warmer temperatures accelerated emergence of previously planted winter wheat. Growers continued to prepare fields for fall planting of wheat, barley, and oats. Silage corn grew well and harvesting was ongoing. Black-eyed beans were being harvested and processed. Recent rain helped germinate planted forage.

Apple harvest was winding down. Pruning continued in some stone fruit orchards and old orchards were removed and prepared for replanting. Table grape harvest was nearing completion.  Some vineyards were sprayed for weeds. Pears, pomegranates, kiwifruit, and persimmons were harvested. Olive groves were pruned. Navel orange harvest was ongoing. Lemon, grapefruit, mandarin and pomelo harvests continued. Young citrus trees were bagged to protect them from frost.

Almond and pistachio harvests were complete. Walnut harvest was nearly complete. Soil amendments were applied in orchards.

Broccoli, carrots, and lettuce all have excellent stands for the winter season.  Fall and winter vegetables were being harvested and available at roadside stands. Strawberries continued to grow at roadside stands. Continued cultivating of organic garlic was ongoing.  Fresh onions fields and tomato beds were being prepared for planting. Organic cantaloupe harvest ended. Organic broccoli, celery and spinach fields were growing nicely.  Head, leaf, and romaine lettuce for the fall season grew nicely with many fields starting to be harvested.

Non-irrigated and foothill rangeland forage quality was improving with some north and central state locations reporting fair to poor conditions.  Earlier rains and warm weather stimulated germination and foothill range and non-irrigated fields were showing green. Dairy workers were cleaning out corrals in preparation for winter.  Supplemental feeding of cattle was ongoing.

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