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USDA California Crop/Weather Report

USDA Crop/Weather Report

Sacramento, Calif., (September 19, 2017) – A changing pattern marked the week’s weather across the State as a trough over the western United States brought cooler temperatures and a taste of fall to most areas. The week started off with temperatures similar to what we have seen the last several weeks, but by mid-week through the weekend temperatures decreased.

Scattered showers were seen throughout most of the State on Monday. Brief heavy downpours resulted in precipitation spikes exceeding one inch in isolated areas, particularly around Tahoe. Most areas in the Sierras received up to half an inch of rain for the week, with most other areas receiving up to a quarter inch last week. A few sprinkles lingered on Thursday before the weekend brought dry weather to the State. A few light showers fell on the northwestern parts of the State on Sunday, dropping up to a quarter inch there. Additional light sprinkles were seen just south of the San Francisco area on Sunday. Despite frost in parts of the mountains, no measurable snow has fallen in the mountains. Patchy snow fields were still coating the peak of Shasta as well as sheltered, high-elevation areas in the Lassen Volcanoes area, with maximum depth around one foot.

Temperature highs were in the 50s to 70s in the mountains, 60s to 70s along the coast, 70s to 80s in the valley, and 80s to 90s in the desert. Temperature lows were in the 30s to 40s in the mountains, 50s to 60s along the coast and the valley, and 50s to 70s the desert.

Cotton bolls were starting to open. Alfalfa fields continued to be irrigated and baled. Sorghum for silage was in various stages. Corn silage continued to be harvested.

Stone fruit harvest was drawing to a close. Wine, table, and raisin grape harvest was ongoing. Raisin grapes continued to be placed on trays for drying. Asian Pears, pears, figs, and pomegranates were harvested. Kiwifruit in Tulare County were nearing maturity. Cherry orchards were pruned. Persimmons continued to gain size and coloring. Valencia oranges andlemons were harvested and packed. Some orange groves were pushed out to make way for new plantings. Early applevarieties were harvested.

The almond harvest continued. Walnut orchards were being prepared for harvest and sprayed for husk fly and Navel orangeworm. A few walnuts were harvested. Growth regulator sprays were applied to some walnut groves to promote development. Pistachio harvest continued.

In San Joaquin County, the onion harvest was nearly complete.  Harvest continued for honeydew melons, watermelons, cantaloupes and pumpkins.  Farmers’ Market vegetables continued to be harvested.   In Fresno County, tomato harvest was almost done with diminished yields reported.  Bell pepper harvest was ongoing.  Soil was prepared for planting carrotsand lettuce for seed.  These efforts were complicated by recent rains and wind.  In Tulare County, tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, and peppers were picked by certified producers and sold at the local Farmers’ Markets.  Yellow squash, zucchini, eggplant, Bell peppers, green chili peppers, and cucumbers were harvested and shipped domestically.  Fall vegetables were planted and developing well.  Pumpkins were prepared for harvest.

Non-irrigated and foothill rangeland was essentially all dry after months of high heat. Supplemental feeding of cattle continued. Fire season continued and some rangeland in Santa Barbara County was burned. Bees were being moved out of state as pollination needs were wrapping up for the year.

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